?动词

学习类别

学习内容

学习要求

检测方法

识记

理解

应用

 

 

基础知识

 

动词的种类

  1. 行为动词:分为及物动词和不及物动词。

?? 及物动词:后面可以跟宾语的动词
不及物动词:后面不跟宾语。

  1. 连系动词:be, get,become, look,feel, sound, smell, seem,turn,grow 等

?? 连系动词后跟表语,构成系表结构,表语可以由形容词,名词,介词短语充当。

  1. 助动词:be(am, is ,are,was,were),do(does,did),have(has,had),will(would),shall(should),

? 助动词本身没有特别的意思, 它们帮助动词构成否定句和疑问句,并完成时态和语态的变化,在句中有时以缩略形式出现。

  1. 情态动词 : can,may,must,should, need,shall, will, could, would, ought to 等。

? 情态动词表达说话人的情感,态度,语气,后直接加动词原形,否定形式在情态动词后加not, 疑问句直接将情态动词提前即可。

?练习

 

 

  1.  

动词的时态

1.一般现在时:
当主语是第一,第二人称或者第三人称复数时,谓语用动词原形(do),当主语是第三人称单数时,谓语用动词的第三人称单数形(does)
用法:1.表示反复发生的动作,常和频度副词及表示频率的短语连用。
2.表示现在的状态或主语的特征
3.表示客观真理,谚语,格言等。
2.一般过去时
谓语用动词的过去式(did)
用法:1.表示过去某一特定时间所发生的,已完成的动作或状态,常与表示确切过去时间的单词,短语连用
3.现在进行时
谓语用am/is/are+ 动词的现在分词
用法:表示现在正在进行的动作
4一般将来时
谓语用will +动词原形/be going to do。
用法: 表示将来某一时刻的动作或状态或将来某一段时间内经常发生的动作或存在的状态,通常和表示将来的时间状语连用

  1. 现在完成时

Have/has been +动词过去分词
用法:表示过去发生的动作持续到现在或过去发生的动作对现在产生的影响。

  1. 过去进行时:

Was/were +doing
用法:表示过去某一时刻正在进行的动作或过去某个过程中发生的动作。

  1. 过去完成时

Had+过去分词(done)
表示过去某时间前已经发生的动作或情况、或表示一个动作在另一个过去动作之前已经完成。

  1. 过去将来时:

Would +do
用于主句为过去时的宾语从句中。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. 一般过去时
  2. 现在完成时
  3. 过去进行时
  4. 过去完成时

9.? 过去将来时

练习

 

 

 

综合技能

 

动词的语态

动词的被动语态的基本构成:be+ 及物动词的过去分词+by+动词的执行者,人称,数和时态的变化通过be 的具体变化来体现。

练习

 

?

 

 

 

 

 

 

动词不定式

  1. 动词不定式做宾语,宾语补足语,状语,定语和表语。
  2. 动词不定式的否定形式
  3. 动词不定式与疑问词what,which,who(m),when,where,how等连用做宾语。
  4. 在let,make,see,hear,watch等动词后,做宾语补足语的动词不定式不带to .

 

?

动名词

?动名词是动词的另一种非限定形式,表现为动词的—ing 形式,常见的可接动名词的动词有:enjoy, finish, ppractise, keep, mind, go , spend, suggest, miss, continue, require 等

 

?

?

。

 

?

情感、态度、价值观

?1.学习怎么合作解决一些学习任务,培养合作精神和实践能力

 

 


Choose the best answer
(? )1.Don’t forget to ____ your exercise book when you come next time.
A. bring??? B. take??? C. carry?? D. get
(? )2.? I’ve been told that the girl always ______ smartly.
A. dresses? B. looks?? C. wears?? D. puts on
(? )3. The silk scarf____ so soft. Why not take it?
A. gets?? B. becomes?? C. feels?? D. looks
(? )4. President of the country _____ his first online conversation with internet users last year.
A. hosted?? B. had?? C. shared??? D. got
(? )5. You _____ have your hair cut. I think long hair suits you best.
A. won’t???? B. needn’t??? C. can’t??? D. should
(? )6. The prices of meat have _____ quickly in this city in the past few years
A. risen???? B. raised??? C. been risen?? D. been raised
(? )7. He’d rather stay at home and watch TV, ______ he?
A. hadn’t??? B. wouldn’t?? C. had??????? D. would
(? )8. ---Must I deliver the newspapers right now?
---- No, you ______. You _____ do it tomorrow morning.
A. mustn’t? , may???? B. needn’t , should
C. mustn’t, ought to???? D. needn’t , may
(? )9. For your safety, you _____ drive your car home after drinking too much.
A. mustn’t?? B. needn’t?? C. ought to not?? D. wouldn’t
(? )10. John isn’t able to afford his son’s education. He ____ feel very sad about it
A. can????? B. must????? C. may???????? D. could
(? )11. Susan’s little brother ____ the MP4 since two years ago
A. had????? B. Has????? C. has had????? D. has bought
(? )12. Tell Lily to call me when she _____ back tomorrow afternoon.
A. will come?? B. comes??? C. came?????? D. is coming
(? )13. I don’t think John saw me. He ______ a book at that moment.
A . was reading??? B. is reading? C. reads???? D. read
(? )14. The 29th Olympic Games ______ in Beijing in 2008.
A. hold?????? B. held??? C. was held????? D. was held?
(? )15. By the end of last year, he _______ 3,000 stamps.
A. has collected?? B. had collected?? C. will collect?? D. is collecting
(? )16. My father told me that he ______ to Japan the next week.
A. will go????? B. would go???? C. goes???? D. went
(? )17. Turn down the radio, please. Tim_______ in the bedroom now.
A. is sleeping?? B. sleeps??? C. has slept???? D. will sleep
(? )18. Before he went to Beijing, he ______ in Hongkong for four years.
A. has studied?? B. studies?? C. studied?? D. had studied
(? )19. The music? ____ very beautiful
A. is sounded?? B. is sounding?? C. sounds??? D. would sound
(? )20. In the past ten years, a lot of new houses______
A. are built??? B. were built? C. have been built? D. will be built
(? )21. In the past, people often used stones ____ houses, but now they use bricks _____ houses.
A. to build, for building??? B. to build, for build
C. for build, to building??? D. to building , for build
(? )22. Don’t let the child ____ with matches. It’s dangerous
A. play??? B. to play? C. playing?? D. played
(? )23. I don’t like noodles for supper. I would rather ____ a bowl of rice.
a. have?? B. to have?? C. having?? D. had
(? )24. The manager promised _____ me? a job in advertising.
A. offer???? B. to offer?? C. offering??? D. offered
(? )25. My father enjoys _____
A. cycle???? B. to cycle?? C. cycling?? D. cycled
(? )26. My parents always encourage me _____ again when I fail.
A. try???? B. to try?? C. trying??? D. tried
(? )27. I look forward ______ your reply as soon as possible.
A. receive?? B. to receive?? C. receiving? D. to receiving
(? )28. When he saw me, he stopped ____? to say hello to me.
A. walk???? B. walking?? C. walked??? D. to walk
(? )29. Have you got anything important ____ me?
A. tell??? B. telling?? C. to tell?? D. told
(? )30. You’re getting fatter and fatter. You’d better _____ enough exercise.
A. take?? B. to take?? C. taking?? D. took
Rewrite the following sentences by changing the active voice into passive voice

  1. They use knives for cutting things

Knives _____ ______ for cutting things

  1. Did he break the window yesterday afternoon?

_____ the window _____ by him yesterday afternoon?

  1. They have sold out all the read lanterns.

All the red lanterns ____ _____ sold out.

  1. We will put on an English play in our school next week.

An English play will ____ ____ on in our school next week.

  1. Everybody must obey the traffic rules.

The traffic rules must _____ _______.

  1. We can store a lot of information in our computers.

A lot of information _____ _______ stored in our computers.
7. He made the poor girl work for 12 hours a day.
The poor girl was ____ _____ work for 12 hours a day.
8. Jerry will make me a birthday cake the day after tomorrow.
A birthday cake will _____ ______ for me by Jerry the day after tomorrow
Rewrite the following sentences with the meaning unchanged.

  1. I often see he plays basketball in the playground.

I often see ____ _____ basketball in the playground.
2. We saw many American films so that we could know more about America.
We saw many American films _______ ______ more about America.
We saw many American films_____ ______ to know more about America.
3. They are learning how they can operate the computer.
They are learning how ____ ____ the computer.
4. To live in the city is convenient for us.
It’s convenient for us ____ _____ in the city.
5. He was so tired that he couldn’t go on working.
He was ____ tired _____ go on working.
6.She ran so slowly that she couldn’t catch up with her classmates.
She didn’t run fast ____ _____ catch up with her classmate.

  1. I want to be a policeman in the future. This is my ambition.

My ambition is ____ _____ a policeman in the future.

  1. Mrs. Zhang told Mike, “Don’t make any noise.”

Mrs. Zhang told Mike ____ _____ make any noise.

 

资源共享:

六年级

七年级

八年级

九年级

鸿运网网址